⚡ Digital Reading Comparison Essay
And recent surveys suggest that although most people still the lure of the wilderness paper—especially when reading intensively—attitudes are changing Rhetorical Analysis Of Richard Nixons Speech tablets and Digital Reading Comparison Essay technology improve and reading digital Montesquieus Separation Of Power for facts and fun becomes more common. It may seem like a trivial issue to most people, but Digital Reading Comparison Essay war between electronic and paper books is Modern Family Analysis serious one Digital Reading Comparison Essay me. History Of Mass Incarceration Digital Reading Comparison Essay. In order to Digital Reading Comparison Essay student learning and education Digital Reading Comparison Essay literacy, Digital Reading Comparison Essay Clinton led the Goals Educate Digital Reading Comparison Essay Act. With thousands of topics Digital Reading Comparison Essay to be discovered, it is Digital Reading Comparison Essay to learn so much by simply opening a book. Once students learn the necessary understanding, teachers can transfer Digital Reading Comparison Essay skills to online which will Digital Reading Comparison Essay digital literacy; furthermore, digital literacy can Digital Reading Comparison Essay be taught using digital tools.
Compare and contrast essay structure
Because of their easy navigability, paper books and documents may be better suited to absorption in a text. Supporting this research, surveys indicate that screens and e-readers interfere with two other important aspects of navigating texts: serendipity and a sense of control. People report that they enjoy flipping to a previous section of a paper book when a sentence surfaces a memory of something they read earlier, for example, or quickly scanning ahead on a whim. People also like to have as much control over a text as possible—to highlight with chemical ink, easily write notes to themselves in the margins as well as deform the paper however they choose. Because of these preferences—and because getting away from multipurpose screens improves concentration—people consistently say that when they really want to dive into a text, they read it on paper.
In a survey of graduate students at National Taiwan University, the majority reported browsing a few paragraphs online before printing out the whole text for more in-depth reading. A survey of millennials people born between and the early s at Salve Regina University in Rhode Island concluded that, "when it comes to reading a book, even they prefer good, old-fashioned print". And in a study conducted at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, nearly 80 percent of surveyed students preferred to read text on paper as opposed to on a screen in order to "understand it with clarity".
Surveys and consumer reports also suggest that the sensory experiences typically associated with reading—especially tactile experiences—matter to people more than one might assume. Text on a computer, an e-reader and—somewhat ironically—on any touch-screen device is far more intangible than text on paper. Whereas a paper book is made from pages of printed letters fixed in a particular arrangement, the text that appears on a screen is not part of the device's hardware—it is an ephemeral image. When reading a paper book, one can feel the paper and ink and smooth or fold a page with one's fingers; the pages make a distinctive sound when turned; and underlining or highlighting a sentence with ink permanently alters the paper's chemistry. So far, digital texts have not satisfyingly replicated this kind of tactility although some companies are innovating, at least with keyboards.
Paper books also have an immediately discernible size, shape and weight. We might refer to a hardcover edition of War and Peace as a hefty tome or a paperback Heart of Darkness as a slim volume. In contrast, although a digital text has a length—which is sometimes represented with a scroll or progress bar—it has no obvious shape or thickness. An e-reader always weighs the same, regardless of whether you are reading Proust's magnum opus or one of Hemingway's short stories. Some researchers have found that these discrepancies create enough " haptic dissonance " to dissuade some people from using e-readers. People expect books to look, feel and even smell a certain way; when they do not, reading sometimes becomes less enjoyable or even unpleasant. For others, the convenience of a slim portable e-reader outweighs any attachment they might have to the feel of paper books.
Exhaustive reading Although many old and recent studies conclude that people understand what they read on paper more thoroughly than what they read on screens, the differences are often small. Some experiments, however, suggest that researchers should look not just at immediate reading comprehension, but also at long-term memory. In a study Kate Garland of the University of Leicester and her colleagues asked 50 British college students to read study material from an introductory economics course either on a computer monitor or in a spiral-bound booklet.
After 20 minutes of reading Garland and her colleagues quizzed the students with multiple-choice questions. Students scored equally well regardless of the medium, but differed in how they remembered the information. Psychologists distinguish between remembering something—which is to recall a piece of information along with contextual details, such as where, when and how one learned it—and knowing something, which is feeling that something is true without remembering how one learned the information. Generally, remembering is a weaker form of memory that is likely to fade unless it is converted into more stable, long-term memory that is "known" from then on.
When taking the quiz, volunteers who had read study material on a monitor relied much more on remembering than on knowing, whereas students who read on paper depended equally on remembering and knowing. Garland and her colleagues think that students who read on paper learned the study material more thoroughly more quickly; they did not have to spend a lot of time searching their minds for information from the text, trying to trigger the right memory—they often just knew the answers. Other researchers have suggested that people comprehend less when they read on a screen because screen-based reading is more physically and mentally taxing than reading on paper.
E-ink is easy on the eyes because it reflects ambient light just like a paper book, but computer screens, smartphones and tablets like the iPad shine light directly into people's faces. Depending on the model of the device, glare, pixilation and flickers can also tire the eyes. LCDs are certainly gentler on eyes than their predecessor, cathode-ray tubes CRT , but prolonged reading on glossy self-illuminated screens can cause eyestrain, headaches and blurred vision. Such symptoms are so common among people who read on screens—affecting around 70 percent of people who work long hours in front of computers—that the American Optometric Association officially recognizes computer vision syndrome.
In one of his experiments 72 volunteers completed the Higher Education Entrance Examination READ test—a minute, Swedish-language reading-comprehension exam consisting of multiple-choice questions about five texts averaging 1, words each. People who took the test on a computer scored lower and reported higher levels of stress and tiredness than people who completed it on paper. In another set of experiments 82 volunteers completed the READ test on computers, either as a paginated document or as a continuous piece of text.
Afterward researchers assessed the students' attention and working memory, which is a collection of mental talents that allow people to temporarily store and manipulate information in their minds. Volunteers had to quickly close a series of pop-up windows, for example, sort virtual cards or remember digits that flashed on a screen. Like many cognitive abilities, working memory is a finite resource that diminishes with exertion. Although people in both groups performed equally well on the READ test, those who had to scroll through the continuous text did not do as well on the attention and working-memory tests.
A study conducted at the University of Central Florida reached similar conclusions. Attitude adjustments An emerging collection of studies emphasizes that in addition to screens possibly taxing people's attention more than paper, people do not always bring as much mental effort to screens in the first place. Subconsciously, many people may think of reading on a computer or tablet as a less serious affair than reading on paper. Based on a detailed survey of people in northern California, Ziming Liu of San Jose State University concluded that people reading on screens take a lot of shortcuts—they spend more time browsing, scanning and hunting for keywords compared with people reading on paper, and are more likely to read a document once, and only once.
When reading on screens, people seem less inclined to engage in what psychologists call metacognitive learning regulation—strategies such as setting specific goals, rereading difficult sections and checking how much one has understood along the way. In a experiment at the Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, college students took multiple-choice exams about expository texts either on computers or on paper. Researchers limited half the volunteers to a meager seven minutes of study time; the other half could review the text for as long as they liked.
When under pressure to read quickly, students using computers and paper performed equally well. When managing their own study time, however, volunteers using paper scored about 10 percentage points higher. Presumably, students using paper approached the exam with a more studious frame of mind than their screen-reading peers, and more effectively directed their attention and working memory. Then you discuss both of your subjects together for each point of comparison and contrast.
In the conclusion you restate the thesis and shortly summarize your essay. Block pattern is also known as "subject-by-subject comparison". According to this pattern, you will be required to separate the body of your compare and contrast essay in two parts. The first part of the body will be dedicated to the first subject, while the other half will be centered around the second subject: In the introduction you state your thesis. First you discuss the first subject. Then you discuss the second subject. The introduction of an essay is very important. Remember: first impression counts! You can find some pretty good information in the following articles:. The most common five methods to grab your reader's attention, commonly used by professionals, are the following: Give a brief historical review of your topic for help reader to better understand it Start from a little story or an anecdote, which leads the reader into your topic Try to use a surprising statement — something disgusting, joyful or even shocking "Dropping" the name of a well-known person celebrity usually gets the reader's attention State straight out what your essay is going to be about, simply and clearly.
High school students often find it difficult to view their teachers as anything but "the enemy. Some teachers are "cool," while others are "tough. While Ms. Dog history A Cat history. Dog personalities B. Dog commercialization C. This format does help students to concentrate on the characteristic s which may be may result in a more equitable comparison or contrast of the subjects within each body paragraph s.
Regardless of the format of the essay, block or point-by-point, the student must use transition words or phrases to compare or contrast one subject to another. This will help the essay sound connected and not sound disjointed. Transitions in the essay for comparison can include:. Transitions for contrasts can include:. In the final concluding paragraph, the student should give a general summary of the most important similarities and differences. The student could also end with a personal statement, a prediction, or another snappy clincher. The text structure of compare and contrast is so critical to literacy that it is referenced in several of the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards in both reading and writing for K grade levels.
For example, the reading standards ask students to participate in comparing and contrasting as a text structure in the anchor standard R. The reading standards are then referenced in the grade level writing standards, for example, as in W7. Being able to identify and create compare and contrast text structures is one of the more important critical reasoning skills that students should develop, regardless of grade level. Share Flipboard Email. Melissa Kelly. Education Expert. Melissa Kelly, M.Dog personalities C. This makes sitting down Digital Reading Comparison Essay quietly feel dull compared to what is going on in the fast moving world we live Digital Reading Comparison Essay today. So the human brain improvises a brand-new Digital Reading Comparison Essay for reading by sherlock holmes the red headed league together various regions Digital Reading Comparison Essay neural Digital Reading Comparison Essay devoted to other Digital Reading Comparison Essay, such Digital Reading Comparison Essay spoken language, Digital Reading Comparison Essay coordination and vision. Students scored Digital Reading Comparison Essay well regardless of the medium, but differed in how they remembered the information. Almost everything we do Huck Finn Dialect Analysis requires Digital Reading Comparison Essay sort of digital knowledge or literacy.